The administrative system of the State under His Majesty Sultan Qaboos bin Said Al Said consists of the Diwan of Royal Court, the Ministry of Palace Office, the Cabinet of Ministers and Secretariat of the Cabinet, the Specialised Councils, the Governorates and the Council of Oman (Majlis Oman).
The Cabinet of Ministers is the highest executive authority, deriving its power from His Majesty the Sultan, to whom it is collectively responsible. Laws and decrees are authorised by His Majesty. International treaties, agreements and charters signed or approved by His Majesty become law from the date of their publication in the Official Gazette.
The Sultanate of Oman is divided into nine administrative regions (four governorates, five regions), which are further sub-divided into sixty-one (61) districts (Wilayats). Each Wiyayat is governed by a Wali who is responsible to the Ministry of Interior.
In order to create the opportunity for the Oman's citizens to participate in country's government efforts a Consultative Council was established with the order of the Sultan where the Oman Chamber of Commerce and Industry represents the private sector and the remainder by the Govt. of Oman. The tasks of the council as it was specified by His Majesty"…a forum for the combined efforts of the government and people's constituencies wherein they may undertake to study the aims and goals of our development plan…"
Basic Stature: "The white book"
This most important piece of legislation was enacted in 1996. The purpose of the Basic Statute of the State is to provide a force for political and social Stability, while at the same time guaranteeing the rights and freedoms of the individual. Besides laying down a procedure for the succession to the throne, the statute provided for the formation of a State Council of Oman. It is a comprehensive document defining the role of Government and the judiciary, as well as laying down the policy if State towards the economy, security, education and social development of the nation.
To learn more read the following:
- QABOOS: “The Leader”
- The Council (Majlis) of Oman
- The Governorates, Regions and Wilayats of Oman
- The Government and State Institutions of Oman
- The Judicial System Of Oman